Similar to humans CBD is also useful for treating the ailments of our canine friends because of its many therapeutic and health benefits. More pet parents are using it since it was made federally legal in the US and due to the mounting number of evidence in its favour from scientific studies. Besides, its acceptance as a treatment option or as a dietary supplement is increasing among holistic veterinarians. Also, veterinarians are part of the research and development of CBD for pets products of various manufacturers. The purpose of this primer is to give a detailed understanding of the use of CBD for dogs for the pet owners out there.
What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol CBD is one of the major cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, especially hemp. The legally available CBD for pets products are made from the hemp plant extracts because of the less amount of psychotropic cannabinoid THC. Furthermore, it is gaining popularity due to its therapeutic and medical effects like reducing pain and inflammation, improving appetite, and providing better sleep. This is achieved by its influence on the endocannabinoid system (ECS), by affecting its receptors CB1 and CB2. The former is found in both the central and peripheral nervous system, whereas the latter is found in the immune system.
CBD’s interaction with ECS receptors mentioned earlier makes it useful in the treatment of diseases like epilepsy, anxiety, sleep disorders, mood disorders, cancer etc. Apart from this, it has good antioxidant and neuroprotective properties. You should also know that when CBD and THC are administered together, CBD inhibits the action of THC i.e. lessen or no psychotropic effect depending on the quantity consumed.
What You Should Be Careful When Using Hemp Derived CBD Products For Dogs?
Many of the legally available CBD products are made using hemp extracts and they contain less than 0.3% of THC. Both THC and CBD interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors of the ECS, THC’s interaction with CB1 is the reason for its psychotropic effects. But you should know that dogs have more CB1 receptors in their cerebellum, the region of the brain responsible for body balance. So if there is a higher amount of THC, it will cause static ataxia which causes their legs to splay and go wobbly. Hence, when purchasing cannabidiol products like CBD oil for dogs either buy that is made using CBD isolate or a broad spectrum hemp extract that has no THC in it.
Research On CBD Oil For Dogs
Many of the initial findings of the therapeutic and medical benefits of CBD have been from studies on lab animals like rats, guinea pigs, mice etc. But this has been changing, research is specifically conducted on the benefits of CBD for dogs and other pet animals. Studies are done to understand how cannabidiol is useful for treating epilepsy in dogs, and it was found that 90% of the pets had fewer seizures. Likewise, in another study it reduced pain and improved mobility of dogs with osteoarthritis. With the increasing usage of CBD for pets, more research is conducted to better understand CBD’s effect on the physiology of pet animals.
What Are The Conditions That Can Be Treated By CBD Oil For Dogs?
CBD oil is preferred by many dog owners compared to other pharmaceutical medicines for the treatment of many common problems because of its lack of side effects.
Anxiety And Fear
Dogs are highly active and social animals, and they suffer from anxiety or fear due to multiple reasons. As a result of this, they become overwhelmed and by instinct go for fight or flight response from the perceived threat. In many canines this brings about unwanted behaviours like biting, barking, restlessness or aggressiveness etc. CBD’s anxiety reducing and calm inducing effect makes it useful in managing this condition.
Some dogs are prone to epileptic seizures due to genetic predisposition and it can be pretty hard on them. This can cause muscle twitching, loss of consciousness, immobility, drooling and many times these are preceded by dazed or confused behaviour. The seizures are caused by the overstimulation resulting in excessive firing of the neurons and this can also cause neuronal damage. CBD oil for dogs is useful in treating epilepsy because it has anticonvulsant properties and this is one field where currently a lot of research is conducted.
How To Use CBD Oil For Dogs?
Before using CBD oil for your dog, you must consult with the veterinarian and this is important because not all pets need it due to the difference in their individual physiology. The other reason for this is, if your animal is taking medication for any ailment then CBD might interact and cause negative side effects. Besides, when it comes to the dosage it is always good to begin at a fairly low amount relative to the body weight as instructed in the label of the product. Generally, it is considered that 0.5 mg of CBD per kilogram of weight twice per day is a good starting point.
So, these are the points that you must bear in mind when planning to give CBD oil for dogs for their ailments.